Applicability study of a low cost seismic isolator prototype using recycled rubber

  • Andre Muñoz Civil Engineering Faculty, National University of Engineering, Lima, Peru
  • Miguel Diaz Civil Engineering Faculty, National University of Engineering, Lima, Peru
  • Roy Reyna Civil Engineering Faculty, National University of Engineering, Lima, Peru

Resumen

In order to protect buildings against earthquakes that are categorized as "common" according to the Peruvian Earthquake Resistant Standard, a prototype of Recycled Rubber Seismic Isolator ("RRSI") was developed in the structural laboratory of the Japan-Peru Center for Earthquake Engineering Research and Disaster Mitigation - CISMID, Peru. The raw material used to manufacture this device was recycled rubber tires; the rubber tire was cut into square shape sheets with 190mmx190mm of cross-section and a total thickness of around 11 mm. Rubber tire sheets were joined to each other by a vulcanization process, including rubber layers with 3mm of thickness made of recycled rubber tire powder in between rubber tire sheets; and in between the rubber tire sheet and the steel plate at both ends of the bearing.

Two specimens were tested in a shaking table under a free vibration impulse or displacement in order to get their natural vibration frequency, natural period, and inherent damping. Then, to obtain the hysteretical behavior, a cyclic lateral reversal-loading test was conducted on three different specimens applying a constant axial load of 330MPa, 270MPa, and 220MPa respectively and a lateral displacement pattern with different levels of shear deformations up to the failure, which occurs at a shear strain of around 100%.

From the experimental results, a nonlinear hysteretic behavior and energy dissipation were observed, decoupling the lateral movement. Finally, a numerical model was proposed to model the nonlinear hysteretic behavior of the RRSI based on a Modified Bouc-Wen model. This numerical model was simulated by using the specimens as base isolators for buildings.

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Publicado
2019-08-07
Cómo citar
Muñoz, A., Diaz, M., & Reyna, R. (2019). Applicability study of a low cost seismic isolator prototype using recycled rubber. TECNIA, 29(2). https://doi.org/10.21754/tecnia.v29i2.706